Tuesday, May 26, 2009


Italian wines

Italy, a country which is known as the home of the oldest wine-producing regions in the world. Italian wine is wine produced in Italy. Wine was produced in the country by Etruscans and Greek settlers long before the Romans started developing their own vineyards in the second century BC. Roman were prolific and well-organized in the skill of grape-growing and wine making, they not only pioneered large-scale production but also the storage techniques like barrel-making and bottling. Italy remains one of the world's foremost producers, responsible for approximately one-fifth of world wine production in 2005.

In Republic of Italy, wine is an exceptionally popular drink, over 1 million vineyards are under cultivation and grapes are grown in almost every part of Italy, at some of the places the vines are trained along low supports whereas in others they climb as slender saplings.

Most of the wine-making in Italy in present times is done in modern wineries. However, the wine made by the villagers for their domestic consumption is still made up with the help of the traditional method as they still tread the grapes with their bare feet, until the juice is squeezed out. As per their belief this ancient method still makes the best wine.

System for appellation in Italy

The classification system in Italy is modern which reflects present realities. It has four classes of wine, with two falling under the EU category Quality Wine Produced in a Specific Region (QWPSR) and two falling under the category of 'table wine'.

Vino da Tavola (VDT) - Denotes wine from Italy.

NOTE: this is not always synonymous with other countries' legal definitions of 'table wine'.

The appellation indicates either an inferior quaffing wine, or one that does not follow current wine law.
Some quality wines do carry this appellation.

1)Territorial characteristics

Important wine-relevant geographic characteristics of Italy include:

The extensive latitudinal range of the country permits wine growing from the Alps in the north to almost within sight of Africa in the south;
The fact that Italy is a peninsula with a long shoreline, contributing moderating climate to coastal wine regions
The extensive mountains and foothills providing many altitudes for grape growing and a variety of climate and soil conditions.

2)Wine producing regions of Italy

The twenty wine producing regions of Italy accord with twenty of its political regions. By understanding the differences between each region it becomes clearer to understand the italan wines, their cuisines reflect their indigenous wines, and vice-versa. The 36 DOCG wines are located in 13 different regions but most of them are concentrated in Piedmont and Tuscany. Among these are appellations appreciated and sought by wine lovers around the world: Barolo, Barbaresco, Brunello and Chianti Classico. Despite its high quality Amarone is not classified as a DOCG

3)Wine verities in Italy

Italy's Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MIRAF), has documented over 350 grapes and granted them "authorized" status. There are more than 500 other documented varietals in circulation as well. The following is a list of the most common and important of Italy's varietals.

A)Rosso (Red)

Sangiovese, Nebbiolo , Montepulciano, Barbera, Corvina, Nero d'Avola., Dolcetto
Negroamaro, Aglianico, Sagrantino.Malvasia Nera

Other major red varieties are Ciliegolo, Gaglioppo, Lagrein, Lambrusco, Monica, Nerello Mascalese, Pignolo, Primitivo, Refosco, Schiava, Schiopettino, Teroldego, and Uva di Troia.

"International" varietals such as Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, and Cabernet Franc are also widely grown.

B)Bianco (White)

Trebbiano., Moscato, Nuragus, Pinot Grigio., Tocai Friulano, MRibolla Gialla., Arneis., Malvasia Bianca , Pigato,Fiano (wine) ,Garganega

Along with hard drinks, you can serve Anjeer Slice as an additional serving.

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